Thoracoplasty is prescribed to patients who have a fibrocavernous form. The indication for the surgical procedure is large-diameter cavities. Thoracoplasty is prescribed for pulmonary hemorrhage, which is life-threatening. The procedure is prescribed more often than others, as it is the most effective method of surgical intervention. Resection is prescribed for people who have a fibrocavernous form with unilateral pathology. Indications are also. bronchial stenosis, tuberculoma in the progression stage, abscess, caseous form of pneumonia.
Operation to open the cavity. If the cavity has reached gigantic proportions, the doctor orders an autopsy. The procedure is performed if the patient has been diagnosed with cardiovascular orrespiratory failure. In such diseases, resection is contraindicated. After any type of operation, the patient takes antibacterial drugs. Thanks to them, the number of relapses is reduced.
The bacteria that cause the disease may be resistant to chemotherapy drugs. In this case, the doctor prescribes second-line medications. To recover faster, the patient must eat properly. It is important to ensure the prevention of hypovitaminosis and iron deficiency anemia. If the pathology occurs in a patient who smokes or is addicted to drugs, the body should be cleansed (detoxification) and only then take medications intended for chemotherapy. If possible, the doctor prescribes minimal doses of immunosuppressive drugs.
Patients with HIV infection need to take anti-HIV medications. Glucocorticoids are prescribed in very moderate doses, as they have a pronounced immunosuppressive effect. Medicines in this group are prescribed only if the pathology is accompanied by a severe inflammatory process, as well as intoxication.